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GALLUP, Samuel 1
- Born: Abt 1627, Bridgeport, Dorset, England
- Marriage: PHILLIPS, Mary on 20 Jan 1651 in Massachusetts
- Died: 1667, Boston, Suffolk County, Massachusetts about age 40
Samuel married Mary PHILLIPS on 20 Jan 1651 in Massachusetts. (Mary PHILLIPS was born about 1630 in Prob. England.)
Anderson, Robert C., The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-33 (Robert Charles Anderson. The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633. Vol. 1-3. Boston, MA, USA: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1995.
). Surety: 4. JOHN GALLOP
ORIGIN: Bridport, Dorsetshire
FIRST RESIDENCE: Boston
OCCUPATION: Fisherman. Mariner. "John Gallop hath written to some of your neighbors for twelve doz. of cod lines, if he provide them and bring them to you I pray deliver him this bill," 4 July 1632.
CHURCH MEMBERSHIP: "John Gallop fisherman" admitted to Boston church 5 January 1633/4.
FREEMAN: 1 April 1634 (as third in a group of six Dorchester men).
EDUCATION: Son Nathaniel could write most imaginatively, but John made his mark to his will.
ESTATE: On 8 September 1636 there are "twelve acres of land granted to John Galop, upon Nixes Island, to enjoy to him and his heirs forever, if the island be so much". John Gallop was granted forty-nine acres in the allotment at Rumney Marsh and Pullen Point in 1637.
In his will, dated 20 December 1649 and proved 9 February 1649[/50], "John Gallop of Boston" made "my wife whole executor" and directed her to distribute the following bequests: to "my son John Gallop my now shallop"; to "my daughter Joane" my heifer; "my two youngest sons shall employ my bark the first year after my decease wholly for their mother & after one year to have two thirds for themselves and one third for their mother; "my wife" to have the use of livestock and after her death equally divided among "my two youngest sons Samuell Gollop & Nathaniel Gollop, if they are obedient children, but if they are rebellious, then my wife to have liberty to dispose of all as she shall think good; if one son die before their mother, all to remain to the other; to "John Joy my daughter's son" £5 at age twenty-one and if he die then to "his brother Joseph"; 40s. to the building of the new meetinghouse.
The inventory of "John Gallupe" was taken 26 February 1649[/50] and totalled £311 10s. 8d., including real estate valued at £120: "one house and ground lying in Boston," £100; "Gallupe's Island containing about sixteen acres," £12; and "four acres of meadow," £8.
In her will, dated 24 July 1655 and proved 31 October 1655, "Christovell Gallop, being in perfect memory though weak in body," bequeathed to "my son John Gallop half my money which is about £15" with some moveables, including "a great Bible"; "half my wearing clothes I do give Hannah my son John Gallop's wife"; to "my daughter Joane Joy" the other half of the money, the other half of the wearing clothes, and other moveables; and to "my son Sam[ue]ll Gallop & my son Nathaniell Gallop" the residue to be equally divided between them. The inventory of the goods of "Christobell Gallop deceased" was taken about December 1655 (undated) and totalled £36 14s. including no real estate.
BIRTH: By about 1593 based on date of marriage.
DEATH: Boston January 1649/50. "Goodman Gallop is dead of a great griping in his bowels" (letter of Adam Winthrop to John Winthrop Jr. from Boston, 10 February 1649/50.
MARRIAGE: Bridport, Dorsetshire, 19 January 1617[/8] Christabell Brushett. "Christovell Gallopp the wife of our brother John Gallopp" was admitted to Boston church 22 June 1634. She died at Boston 27 September 1655.
i JOAN, bp. Bridport 20 September 1618; m. by 1637 Thomas Joy.
ii JOHN, bp. Bridport 25 January 1620[/1]; m. by 1644 Hannah Lake, daughter of John and Margaret (Reade) Lake.
iii WILLIAM, bp. Bridport 4 August 1622; predeceased his father, evidently unmarried.
iv FRANCIS, bp. Bridport 27 July 1625; bur. there 18 November 1625.
v SAMUEL, bp. Bridport 16 August 1629; m. Boston 20 January 1650[/1] Mary Phillips.
vi NATHANIEL, bp. Bridport 16 August 1629; m. Boston 11 June 1652 "Margaret Eveley [Eveleth]", daughter of Sylvester Eveleth.
vii JOHN, bp. Bridport 11 July 1630; presumably died young, since John calls Samuel and Nathaniel his "two youngest sons."
COMMENTS: On 4 July 1632 John Winthrop wrote "I have much difficulty to keep John Galloppe here by reason his wife will not come. I marvel at the woman's weakness that she will live miserably with her children there, when she might live comfortably here with her husband. I pray persuade and further her coming by all means: if she will come let her have the remainder of his wages, if not, let it be bestowed to bring over his children, for so he desires: it would be above £40 loss to him to come for her".
Later letters make it clear that John Gallop was a coastal trader, moving up and down from Maine to Connecticut, carrying goods for the Winthrops and others. In July of 1636 John Gallop played a crucial role in the events leading up to the Pequot War. On a trading voyage to Long Island, Gallop came upon the boat of John Oldham, which had been boarded by Indians, who killed Oldham. Gallop took countermeasures, as a result of which several Indians were drowned.
He and his supplies were very gratefully received by Roger Williams at "New Prov~idence" about June 1637. He saved the wife of Mononotto and the wounded Indians with her, coming "in a happy hour, to bring them victuals, and to carry their wounded men to the pinnace where our chief surgeon was ..." during the Pequot war about July 1637.
William Hook at Agamenticus, 28 January 1639/40, spoke ill of him, by reference to "this poor man the bearer hereof which hath been much damnified by the master of Gallop's pinnace. Sir I leave the matter unto the party to relate unto your worship. To my knowledge hath carried himself here amongst us very shamefully, the master and Gallope['s] son too, invited some of our neighbors aboard his pinnace and made them drunk and drunk themselves too".
Many sources state that John Gallop resided briefly in Dorchester but we may doubt that he ever lived there. The one reference in Dorchester records to a "Mr. Gallup" pertains to Humphrey Gallop. The one record that may indicate Dorchester residence is puzzling. As noted above, when he is made freeman John Gallop appears as the fourth name in a sequence of six men, all the rest of whom are from Dorchester. But Gallop had just been admitted to Boston church a few months earlier, and he was certainly residing at Boston at this time. Perhaps he did set down in Dorchester for a time, but it cannot have been for long.
BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE: In 1960 John Dorrance Morrell published some parish register extracts which demonstrated that the immigrant was from Bridport, Dorsetshire. Gerald Parsons examined the same records more thoroughly and in 1993 published an article which extended and revised the work done by Morrell.
In 1950 Louis Effingham deForest prepared a comprehensive sketch of the immigrant, quoting at length from several sources [Bainbridge Anc 82-97 (the section on English ancestry has been superseded and should be ignored)]. In 1966 the Gallup Family Association published a genealogy which treats the descendants of this immigrant [Darwin C. Gallup and Josephine Middleton Peck, Gallup Genealogy: Gallop, Galloup, Galloupe, Gallupe (n.p., 1966)].